The International Association of Prosecutors (IAP) is a non-governmental and non-political organization. It is the first and only worldwide organization of prosecutors. The Association has over 180 Organizational Members, including associations of prosecutors, prosecuting agencies and crime prevention agencies. Together with its individual membership, it represents over 300,000 prosecutors in over 177 different countries and territories.
The IAP was established in June 1995 at the United Nations offices in Vienna and was formally inaugurated in September 1996 at its first General Meeting in Budapest. The main impetus leading to its formation was the rapid growth in serious transnational crime, particularly drug trafficking, money laundering and fraud. The need was perceived for greater international cooperation between prosecutors and for greater speed and efficiency in mutual legal assistance, asset tracking and other international cooperative measures.
IAP Office and Organization
The Executive Committee is the governing body of the Association. Under IAP’s Constitution the General Meeting of the Association elects a President, up to nine Vice-Presidents and 21 other ordinary members constituting the Executive Committee. The membership of the Executive Committee reflects the regions of the world in which the Association has members.
The Executive Committee appoints a Secretary General who is the Chief Executive of the Association and a General Counsel who is the principal professional representative of the Association. The General Counsel is responsible for the professional programme and provides legal advice and counselling to the IAP. In addition, the Executive Committee appoints an Executive Director who is responsible for the day-to-day financial, membership and technical management and the administration of the Association.
The Senate of the Association consists of past members of the Executive Committee. It operates in conjunction with the President and the Executive Committee. The Senate serves as an advisory body and imposed other responsibilities to promote the objects and functioning of the Association.
The IAP Secretariat
The Secretariat is based in The Hague, The Netherlands, where the Secretary General, Han Moraal, the Project and the Community Manager, Benn van Alphen, the Senior Legal Advisor Edith van den Broeck and the Legal Advisor Gemma Moran work from. The Executive Director, Janne Holst Hübner, works from the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in Denmark and the General Counsel Gary Balch, work from the Headquarters of the Crown Prosecution Service in England and Wales.
Objectives of the IAP
- To promote the effective, fair, impartial and efficient prosecution of criminal offences;
- To respect and seek to protect human rights as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948;
- To promote high standards and principles in the administration of criminal justice, including procedures to guard against or address miscarriages, in support of the rule of law;
- To promote and enhance those standards and principles which are generally recognized internationally as necessary for the proper and independent prosecution of offences;
- To assist prosecutors internationally in the fight against organized or other serious crime, and for that purpose:
a. To promote international co-operation in gathering and providing evidence; in tracking, seizing and forfeiting the proceeds of serious crime; and in the prosecution of fugitive criminals
b. To promote speed and efficiency in such international co-operation
- To promote measures for the elimination of corruption in public administration;
- To promote the professional interests of prosecutors and to enhance recognition of their crucial role in achieving criminal justice;
- To promote good relations between individual prosecutors and prosecution agencies; to facilitate the exchange and dissemination among them of information, expertise and experience; and, to that end, to encourage the use of information technology; To promote examination of comparative criminal law and procedure and to assist prosecutors engaged in justice reform projects;
- To co-operate with international juridical organizations in furtherance of the foregoing objects.
IAP Executive Committee Members
1. Gerhard Jarosch, Austria
1. Mohammed Hassan Abdul Rahim, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
2. Kamran Aliyev, Azerbaijan
3. Satyajiit Boolell, Mauritius
4. Serge Brammertz, Chief Prosecutor ICTY
5. Luis Cevasco (acting), Argentina
6. Josip Cule, Republic of Croatia
7. Nicola Mahaffy, Canada
8. Manuel Pinheiro Freitas, Brazil
9. Cheol-Kyu Hwang, South Korea
Immediate Past President
1. James Hamilton, Ireland
1. Lloyd Babb, Australia
2. Magdalena Boynton, United States of America
3. Mike Chibita, Uganda (co-opted)
4. Kemchai Chutiwongse, Thailand (co-opted)
5. Giorgi Gogadze, Georgia
6. Rodrigo Janot, Brazil
7. Vitaliy Kasko, Ukraine
8. Claire Loftus, Ireland
9. Nayef Mahmood, Bahrain
10. Mutembo Nchito, Zambia
11. Jean Fils Kleber Ntamack, Cameroon
12. Michael Lauber, Switzerland
13. Edit Pocsai, Hungary
14. Nick Price, United Kingdom (co-opted)
15. Kathleen Roussel, Canada
16. Britt Rønne, Denmark (co-opted)
17. Jean-Francois Thony, France
18. Runar Torgersen, Norway
19. Christopher Toth, United States of America
20. QIU Xueqiang, People’s Republic of China (co-opted)
21. Vladimir Zimin, Russian Federation (co-opted)
- Organisational membership is open to:
- An association of prosecutors organised on a country or a jurisdictional basis;
- A prosecution service organised on a country or a jurisdictional basis, and
An organisation, agency or foundation established for the promotion of crime prevention measures and the functions of which are closely connected with the prosecution of crime or an international unit, body, organisation or forum established by a state(s) or by a prosecution service to stimulate and improve coordination and co-operation between competent national prosecuting authorities.
Individual membership may be granted to a prosecutor. ‘Prosecutor’ means any lawyer who is or has been appointed by or on behalf of the state, or other public authority, to prosecute criminal offences or who is or has been elected for that purpose and includes lawyers who have regularly been retained by a prosecutor so appointed or elected to conduct or assist in the conduct of criminal prosecutions and also includes examining magistrates.